Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie: Welcome to Happy Feminist World

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Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie wears lip gloss. She likes girly skirts and high heels. She does not hate men, and yet she talks feminism. Very beautifully, witty and rousingly. In her book “We Should All Be Feminists,” this Nigerian writer, who divides her time between the United States and Nigeria, invites us to dream and start creating a fairer world, a world of happier men and happier women through the medium of feminism.

“Why the word “feminist”? Why not just say you are a believer in human rights?”

I got enchanted by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s deep poetic voice the first time I heard her much-admired TEDx Talk “We Should All Be Feminists”. Her book adapted from this talk is similarly melodic and easy to follow.

I was expecting it to be mainly about women but Chimamanda is also looking at the way we raise boys:

“We do a great disservice to boys in how we raise them. We stifle the humanity of boys. We define masculinity in a very narrow way. Masculinity is a hard, small cage, and we put boys inside this cage. We teach boys to be afraid of fear, of weakness, of vulnerability. We teach them to mask their true selves because they have to be, in Nigerian-speak, a hard man.”

As a mother of a boy, I wonder what kind of world my son would live, and I dream that this world would be based on equality, love, and inclusiveness for girls, and for boys.

Chimamanda shares that the reality today is still different. She makes an argument that the expectations we have of both genders are rather contributing to a gender divide.

“All over the world, there are so many magazine articles and books, telling women what to do, how to be and not to be, in order to attract or please men. There are far fewer guides for men for pleasing women.”

Chimamanda Adichie offers many examples of gender injustice, but the tone of her book is not accusing. In her essay, the author explores the ways to have a better future without being put into gendered boxes.

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie author of We Should All We Feminists
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie on the cover of New African Woman magazine

“So I Decided I Would Now Be A Happy African Feminist Who Does Not Hate Men.”

Have you ever hesitated to call yourself a feminist? Do you feel that this word has a negative connotation? Did you happen to talk to people who make feminism sound like something bad?

There are still enough places where the word “feminist” is frequently used as a defamatory word. This term is easily associated with unattractive women who do not bother to find a date, do not use deodorant and do not shave legs.

Even in Western countries, women may shy away from being called “feminist” – they do not want to be perceived as butch who do not have good relationships and hate men.

The first time Chimamanda heard the word “feminist” from her dear and very close friend Okoloma in Nigeria, she felt that it wasn’t a compliment.

“He told me that people were saying my novel was feminist, and his advice to me – he was shaking his head sadly as he spoke – was that I should never call myself a feminist, since feminists are women who are unhappy because they cannot find husbands.

So I decided to call myself a Happy Feminist.”

Chimamanda shares that once, an Academic Nigerian woman suggested that her feminist ideas were “un-African” and influenced by Western books.

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie shares her style. Image:

The writer was amused because much of her early reading was decidedly “unfeminist,” moreover when she later got to read the “classic feminist texts” she was getting bored and struggled to finish.

I can recount a similar experience.

Some time ago, when I was finishing High School in the South of Russia, I was enjoying an exciting discussion about relationships between men and women with one of my best male friends when he said that the things I was saying sounded “feminist,” his tone conveying that “feminist” was something negative.

Popular public opinion and press articles often depicted actions of popular feminist groups as dubious. Sounding “feminist” could provoke confrontation and uneasy feelings.

Only a few years later, when I got accepted for the program of International Media and Cultural Studies at a UK university, I found a welcoming place to freely talk about the ideas of feminism as radical as we wanted.

“I want to be respected in all my femaleness. Because I deserve to be.”

Even in Western societies, when a waiter brings a check to a couple, it is not unlikely to be handed to a man. In some places, argues Chimamanda, men may even get thanked for the money a woman paid because it is assumed that the money comes from a man anyway. We are so used to these trivial facts that we hardly acknowledge them.

“If we do something over and over again, it becomes normal. If we see the same thing over and over again, it becomes normal. … If we keep seeing only men as heads of corporations, it starts to seem “natural” that only men should be heads of corporations.”

The author shares stories from everyday life happening in the US, in Nigeria and other parts of the world.

Sometimes they are about big things, such as payment gap between men and women, but often she tells us about little things, the little things that are seemingly not a big deal but make women feel invisible and less considered.

Why should a woman’s success be a threat to a man’s?

The definition of “feminism” Chimamanda found in a dictionary turned out to be neutral and unthreatening:

Feminist Definition Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie We Should All Be Feminists

Continuing her exploration, Chimamanda Adichie comes up with her unique definition of feminism, one rooted in inclusion and awareness.

She elaborates on ideas how to change our attitude and get rid of the weight of gender expectations.

“Culture does not make people. People make culture.”

The book has fewer than 50 pages; it is a very quick read, but it is a read that can make an impact and change our life.

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie We Should All Be Feminists anchor booksIn 2015 the Swedish Women’s Lobby and publisher Albert Bonniers launched the campaign in Sweden to give a copy of Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s “We Should All Be Feminists” to every 16-year-old in Sweden.

The organizers said they hoped the book would “work as a stepping stone for a discussion about gender equality and feminism”.

We live in a world that too easily puts people of different background against each other. We want to act for the opposite.

It could be an example to follow for all of us, women and men in every country.

“Gender matters everywhere in the world. And I would like today to ask that we should begin to dream about a plan for a different world. A fairer world. A world of happier men and happier women who are truer to themselves. And this is how we must start: we must raise our daughters differently. We must also raise our sons differently.”

The world, Chimamanda asks us to start dreaming of, feels like the world we all would like to live. It feels like a loving and friendly place for our daughters, and for our sons.


Notes and resources

Chimanada Ngozi Adichie “We should all be feminists” can be ordered at Amazon and Pinguin Random HouseI purchased it at The Last Bookstore in Los Angeles, CA.

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie on TED

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie: grew up in Nigeria. Her work has been translated into thirty languages. She is the author of award-winning and bestselling novels, including Purple HibiscusAmericanah and Half of a Yellow Sun, and the story collection The Thing Around Your Neck.

Swedish Women’s Lobby


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  1. 1

    It’s about time women like her raise their voices to break down prejudice and so many stereotypes that are still too rooted in our so-called first-world, developed society. I too am a feminist who embraces her femaleness and, like Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, I want to be respected in all my femaleness. It’s crazy to see ( I have seen that first hand) how so many men and women think as feminists in such a derogatory way. Well, let’s shout to the world that feminists are not nutters who, as you put it, do not shave their legs and hate or are bitter with men; it pains me to see that this is still the definition so many people across the globe have on their minds. Feminism is all about inclusiveness and not the other way around.
    The excerpt about the prejudice and cliches in how men are traditionally raised resonated with me as a mother of a little boy. It can be challenging to raise your son and keep him away from the stupid gender cliches ( crazy to think that these still exist). I hope that the values I share with him will make him a feminist some day and that he will not feel uncomfortable declaring himself as such, because it all comes down to believing in the equality of the sexes, and not in the supremacy of the sexes.
    Great post! xx

    • 2

      “Feminism is all about inclusiveness and not the other way around.” – this is an absolutely beautiful way to put it. Maybe the more people feel “included”, the less we would need to question, who feminists are, and whether we have to be feminists.
      Chimamanda said in one of her interviews: “For me, feminism is a movement for which the end goal is to make itself no longer needed.”
      And if enough people raise their sons and daughters, feminists, our kids would feel comfortable with their feminist beliefs, maybe to the point, they would become the norm. Again, in Chimamanda’s own words: “My hope is we use ‘feminism’ often enough that it starts to lose all the stigma and becomes this inclusive, diverse thing.” In this regard, I also admire the Swedish approach of giving out the book to each 16-year-old in the country. Of course, not everyone would read it, and not everyone has to agree, but at least everyone gets an invitation to ask themselves what they stand for.
      And if we, as mothers, teach our kids to believe in the full equality of men and women, we could create a good base.
      I already find encouraging that while more girls tend to do ballet classes, and more boys tend to be crazy about soccer, none is questioning the idea of a boy going to a ballet class, or a girl playing soccer. It feels like kids absolutely accept it as the norm, at least at a young age, it is beautiful to see.

      Thank you for the great comment, Cárol! xxx

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